Partnerships to Address Urban Poverty and Homelessness in the Philippines
Project Goals, Purpose and Expected Outputs:
Project Goal and Purpose:
The project’s goal is to provide improved access to housing and community services for the urban poor in the country.
Towards this goal, the purpose of the project is to develop and implement partnership models for the improvement of access to housing and community services for the urban poor in 4 regions in the Philippines and for wider dissemination and replication.
1. Organised federations of urban poor groups in the city and national level with strengthened capacity to demand rights of access to housing and community services
2. Effective consultation and coordination mechanisms between urban poor groups and government authorities at city/ metropolitan and national level
3. Evidence-based and need-oriented housing and community development strategies developed (based on analysis of local assets and understanding of key institutional/ legal constraints)
4. 2000 households benefiting from implementation of pilot projects for improving security of tenure and/or access to community services
5. Experiences and learning from the project shared with other urban poor groups and government authorities on metropolitan/city and national levels
1.Organizing, Consensus- Building and Empowerment of the Urban Poor
The project will organize the urban poor sector to give them a voice in the discourse on urban poverty and homelessness. It will equip them with proper knowledge, skills and attitudes for effective engagement with government to advocate their housing rights and demand government responsibility to help the poor to have access to land and housing. It will strengthen consensus-building processes and structures among them, not just on the community level, but also on the levels of city, region and nation. The emergence of women leaders will also be encouraged across all UP-ALL structures. Assistance will focus on Organizational Development, Gender Mainstreaming, Capacity-Building and Process Support.
The project will support, establish and/or strengthen 14 city-based UP-ALL formations (4 pilot cities and 10 partner cities) and the UP-ALL National Federation.
2. Social Research and Monitoring
The project will conduct relevant researches, both local and national, to have a common and baseline data as basis for a common understanding of the urban problems, assessing programme impacts, as well as the monitoring of Philippine achievements on the MDG, especially Goal 7, Target 11.
In the City Level, there will be city profiling and baselining in the first year and city monitoring and updating in the last year to measure the effect of the project in the city.
In the National Level, other researches will be undertaken in support of the Local Planning and Advocacy.
These will help in the analysis of the issues or urban poverty and homelessness and in the strategizing and planning for urban development and housing
3. Policy Advocacy and Dialogue
Public advocacy, dialogue and networking will be done in city, regional and national level to address poverty and housing issues such as evictions and resettlements, land use planning, social housing planning and finance, social service for the poor, among others.
The main activity and mechanism for policy and multi-stakeholder dialogue are:
Urban Development and Housing Dialogues:
• City Urban Development and Housing Summit
• Regional Urban Development and Housing Forum
• National Urban Development and Housing Summit.
These will be the venue for levelling-off on data and analysis or urban poverty and homelessness, strategizing and planning of interventions, as well as participatory reporting on the activities, outputs and commitments of the various project partners/ stakeholders.
The following advocacy activities will also be undertaken:
• UDHA Compliance/ Eviction Watch
• Policy Watch/ Advocacy for UP-ALL Agenda
• Budget Watch- Advocacy for Social Housing Budget
4. Modelling of Integrated Urban Development Approaches/ Strategies
The project will promote access to tenurial security and social housing, as well as modelling and piloting of technical and social innovations. These will be done both on the local and national levels.
There will be four main forms of assistance:
• Legal and Policy Assistance Funds
• Local Innovation and Leveraging Fund
• Capacity-Building and Partnership Fund
Target direct beneficiaries will be at least 2000 households
5. International Partnerships for Learning and Solidarity
The project will also seek to develop partnerships with networks, programmes and projects in other countries to maximize opportunities to harness their experiences and learnings, as well as share our own experiences and learnings in the project as we conduct meaningful dialogue for mutual learning, empowerment, cooperation and solidarity. This may include international area visits and dialogues and participation in conferences and seminars.
6. Programme Learning and Knowledge Management Structures
The project will ensure that project experiences and learnings will be documented and synthesized, not just for the programme partners, but also for those interested in addressing urban poverty and homelessness in other countries.
A good project monitoring and evaluation system will be installed through project reporting, area monitoring visits, participatory assessment and planning sessions and a good programme-end evaluation.
There will be an appropriate process and video documentation system. There will also be programme publications. These will help to disseminate relevant information to specific stakeholders and sectors, and the general public, to enhance public awareness and generate programme support and participation.
The project will strengthen urban poor federations in the city and national levels, commission relevant researches, build consensus, develop appropriate city development and shelter strategies, advocate changes in policies and practice, and document experiences and learning as we respond to issues of urban development. The project will produce functioning local and national partnerships of Government, urban poor groups and the private sector. It will also provide legal and technical assistance to communities towards security of tenure and access to services.
Annual Report 1
Annual Report 3
“Institutionalising Local and National Partnerships to Address Urban Poverty and Homelessness in the Philippines”
Partnership of Philippine Support Service Agencies
The third year of programme implementation (April 108 – March 31, 2009) is an interesting time for governance and transparency work in the Philippines, marked with challenges and opportunities.
In that period, we had national and local elections. And in this election, graft and corruption had been drummed up as a major political issue. So this is an opportunity to promote good governance and enhanced transparency in the political debates, in the voters’ education, and in community discussions.
But the politically-charged atmosphere throughout the country demands a careful analysis of the situation, cautious engagement with candidates and political groups, and principled campaign to bring to the fore concern for governance and transparency, alongside gut issues of urban poverty and homelessness.
The programme had to make the delicate act of balancing these concerns in maximising opportunities and spaces for engagement that the elections offered.
We continued with the strengthening of community organisations and capacity-building of grassroot leaders. We continued with engaging with local and national government officials in accessing basic services and exploring solutions to problems of tenurial and income security. We continued with planning and initiating innovative projects on the ground in partnership with other stakeholders.
Alongside this, we facilitated a process among the urban poor community leaders of formulating an urban poor agenda and a concept of leadership that was used in assessing candidates, especially for President and Vice-President. With this, the leaders discussed their agenda with candidates until they finally decided to support then candidates, Benigno Aquino III and Mar Roxas, forging a Covenant for the Urban Poor with them.. At the same time, voters’ education called “Boto Ko, Sagrado” (My Vote is Sacred) was conducted among the urban poor communities to discourage the rampant selling of votes.
After the elections, the urban poor leaders is maximising opportunities in the Aquino government to push for their agenda.
The past year was also a time of increasing awareness and concern for disaster risk reduction and management as many urban poor communities, especially those living near rivers and waters had been experiencing flooding and other calamities and had been threatened by local government with forced eviction with no concrete plans for resettling affected families
On the ground, local partnerships are being strengthened to discuss and evolve innovative strategies for tenurial security and access to social services. Various models and systems for settlement planning, building technologies and socialised financing schemes are being tried to promote secure, safe and sustainable urban communities.
Annual Report 4
Midterm Evaluation Report
- To assess overall progress especially in terms of programme outputs related to urban poverty and homelessness;
To assess the programme environment and ability of the programme to adjust strategies according to changes in the external environment;
- To cull lessons from the programme experience; and
- To assess opportunities for enhancing effectiveness and efficiency in delivering the targeted outputs.
It covers the first two years of programme implementation and provides a retrospective view of progress and accomplishments and a prospective view of the remaining two years of programme life. The review processes were conducted in a participative manner and used a combination of research methodologies for data collection. The Consultants reviewed project documents and related literature, consulted 179 resource persons in 11 focus group discussions (70 participants), 7 community meetings (105 participants) and four key informant interviews. The Consultants also conducted field visits in 12 communities in Davao City, Quezon City, Legazpi City and Mandaue City. A validation workshop was conducted on November 10, 2010 involving 19 participants from the PHILSSA Board of Trustees, Steering Committee, National Secretariat, Regional Secretariats and 15 NGO partners and implementing agencies.
The programme timeline to date indicates that Year 1 was used for inception and Year 2 for initiation of activities. By June 2010, the programme has covered 50% (22 months) of programme life and 50% of the budget (PHP 40 million). There are 24 months remaining to demonstrate full achievement of expected results.
The programme adopts a zero baseline approach in establishing reference points for determination of future results. Based on secondary and primary data, however, PHILSSA and its network of NGOs have created pre-existing values in housing and land tenure and have accumulated historical and institutional knowledge and reputation. There are also pre-existing organizations of the urban poor that are federated up to the regional and national levels, urban-poor focused NGOs assisting urban poor communities and pre-existing legal and policy frameworks and structures of government. In fact, PHILSSA has been serving as the Secretariat of the Urban Poor Alliance (UP-ALL) since 2000. PHILSSA also adopts a sub-grant approach to allocation of resources and an activity-based planning approach based on the approved Lograme Matrix. In fact, the activity plans have been pre-programmed for a 42-month distribution of activities.